The facts

OFFICIAL NAME: Romania

LOCATION: (Southeastern) Central Europe

TIME ZONE: Seven hours ahead of U.S. Eastern Standard Time (GMT + 2)

AREA: 92,043 sq. miles (238,391 sq. km)

FLAG OF ROMANIA: Three vertical stripes: blue, yellow and red.

POPULATION: 19,334,000 (October 2016)

LARGEST CITIES: Bucharest (1,883,400), Iasi (370,000), Cluj Napoca (309,000), Timisoara (303,000), Constanta (298,000), Craiova (295,000), Galati (286,000), Brasov (275,000), Ploiesti (224,000), Braila (205,000), Oradea (196,400).

Romania’s population lives in 320 cities and towns and 12,956 villages.

MAIN ETHNIC GROUPS: Romanian 84%, Hungarian 6.1%, Gipsy 3.1%, German 0.2%, Ukrainian 0.2%

RELIGIONS: Christian Orthodox 81%, Roman Catholic 4.3%, Reformed 3%, Greek-Catholic 0.7%, Unitarian 0.3%, Jewish, other.

OFFICIAL LANGUAGE: Romanian

CURRENCY: Leu ( plural Lei — pronunciation “lay” — abbreviations: Lei or RON)

CLIMATE: Temperate, four distinct seasons, similar to northeastern USA

CAPITAL: Bucharest ( București — pronunciation: boo koo re sh tea)

SOURCE AND FURTHER READING